Talking Tiles Categories

Tile Ratings Explained in 4 easy Ways

When shopping for your new bathroom or kitchen tiles, you will notice that they are often labelled with an R, V, P or Wear rating. It is important to take note of and understand what each of these ratings mean when examining your tile choices in order to find the perfect tiling solution for your intended application. 

What is a Tile R Rating?

Floor tiles are often given an R Rating; this rating refers to the tile’s slip resistance and as such, will dictate the particular tile’s final application. As a general rule of thumb, floor tiles with a lower slip or R rating will not be the best fit for high traffic areas (especially in public or commercial spaces). Instead, a floor tile with a higher R Rating should be sourced in these situations to provide the best grip underfoot in busy environments. It is important to note that Australian Standards do not specify an R Rating requirement for residential projects however these types of tiles may come in handy in wet areas of the home such as the bathroom as well as outdoor areas.

arcstone-terrazzo-look-porcelain R10

A luxurious Italian made porcelain tile, the Arcstone collection perfectly emulate the natural nuances of real terrazzo. The collection features a matching outdoor tile option to create a seamless look between your indoor and outdoor spaces; you will find that outdoor tiles will have a much higher R Rating than their indoor counterparts as these tiles will be more exposed to the elements, making safety a key consideration during their design and manufacture. The indoor version has an R10 rating and the outdoor version has a R11 rating.

Determining a tile’s R Rating requires it be tested using the Ramp Test. This test involves laying the tiles across a ramp and then adding oil to their surface; testers will then walk across the lubricated tiles until they reach a point where it becomes unsafe to continue. The angle at which the tester has stopped at is then translated into an R Rating that correlates to the slip risk of the particular tile. R Ratings begin at R9 (tiles with a higher level of slip risk) to R13 (tiles with a very low level of slip risk). 

What is a Tile P Rating?

A tile’s P Rating is determined by a process referred to as the Pendulum Test. This test involves a foot shaped and weighted item that is fitted with a rubber slider. This “foot” is then installed on a pendulum arm which is set in motion, simulating a user’s shoe stepping and potentially sliding across a wet tile surface. This process further tests the tile’s slip resistance to ensure the best fit for your intended application. 

A P Rating is then assigned the tile with classifications starting at P0 (very high slip risk) to P5 (a very low level of slip risk). 

wood tech external tiles

Tile Ratings that specifically test a tile’s surface for slip resistance are especially important to consider in applications where your flooring will get significantly wet. Outdoor tiles that are exposed to the elements should be carefully selected to ensure a safe experience; Our Woodtech External Porcelain Tiles for example are perfectly suited to outdoor applications and can even be used around your pool.

What is a Tile V Rating?

Aside from the above noted slip resistance tests and ratings, some collections of tiles will also include a V Rating in their description. A V Rating in tiles refers to the amount of variation you can expect in the specific collection. Variations can occur in colour, texture, shape or thickness of the tiles as well as patterning. These variations can be particularly noticeable in handmade tiles as well as in digitally printed tiles that are designed to emulate the naturally occurring patterns and tonal variations of materials such as timber or natural stone. The end result is a lusciously varied surface finish with less pattern variation the higher the V Rating is to offer a more natural look. 

marmo tiles

The stunning Open collection includes a range of options that perfectly simulate the natural veins and tonal variations of an authentic marble in a durable porcelain material. Less pattern repetition will enhance the natural look of your finished design for a more authentic look.

Tiles are rated using a scale from V0 to V4 with V0 rated tiles showing more of a uniform appearance and V4 tiles showing a more significant level of variation in tone, colour, pattern, etc. It is always recommended that tiles with a V rating of V3 or more be carefully planned out prior to laying to ensure the variations in pattern work best for your desired outcome. 

What are Tile Wear Ratings?

Tiles will often also display a Wear Rating in their product description; this rating essentially refers to how much foot traffic a particular tile is designed to withstand which will dictate the tile’s application or intended use. This rating scale starts at ‘0’ for tiles that are intended for wall application only and runs right up to a ‘5’ rating for tiles that can withstand a heavy amount of foot traffic. This rating becomes especially important in commercial or retail spaces where a large amount of foot traffic can be expected whereas residential applications will offer more leniencies. 

It is always important to take note of the relevant tile ratings when selecting your home’s new finishes as these ratings will ultimately dictate the tile’s intended use or application. Our experienced team of Designers at Perini Tiles can recommend the very best tiling solutions for your project, from retail or commercial environments to residential interiors and outdoor applications. Visit our Richmond Tile Showroom or book a free online design consultation to start creating your perfect colour scheme!